Brinckmann, Justus

Full Name: 
Brinckmann, Justus
Other Names: 
Justice Brinckmann
Date Born: 
1843
Date Died: 
1915
Place Born: 
Hamburg, Germany
Place Died: 
Bergedorf, Hamburg, Germany
Home Country: 
Germany
Overview: 
Modern art champion in Germany, first director of the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe in Hamburg. He married Ida Laura Anna Marie von Froschauer in 1868. Plans for the museum were formulated from 1873 to 1875 thorugh a design of Carl Johann Christian Zimmermann. The Museum was opened in 1877, located on Steintorplatz, officially known as the Staatliches Technikum und Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe (State Center for Technology and Msueum of Fine and Useful Arts). Brinckmann collected a wide range of objects for the museum, from Renaissance painting to Viennese furniture to Japanese prints. He lectured publicly on the collection. Beginning in 1878, one person in Brinckmann's audience was the young Alfred Lichtwark. The two became friends with Brinckmann introducing Lichtwark to the Hamburg industrials Carl Kall, who funded Lichtwark's later studies in art history. The young Otto Kümmel, later director of the Berlin Museums, volunteered under Brinckmann in 1902-1904. After Brinckmann's death, Max Sauerlandt succeeded him as director in 1919. The Justus Brinckmann Gesellschaft, Hamburg, is named in his honor. His lectures (along with those of Lichtwark) inspired the modernist art historian Rosa Schapire to become an art historian. Kultermann sites Brinckmann among those Gründerzeit museum directors, along with Wilhelm von Bode, Lichtwark, Woldemar von Seidlitz, and Karl Woermann, as responsible for the formation of art history by virtue of their scholarship and interest in museum training. During the Wilhelmine period, the mercantile Hanseatic city of Hamburg was in the process of establishing a modern identity through new or reinvigorated public institutions and culture.
Bibliography: 
Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss des japanischen Kunstgewerbes. Aarau: E. Wirtz, 1892; Führer durch das Hamburgische Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, zugleich ein Handbuch der Geschichte des Kunstgewerbes. 2 vols. Hamburg: Verlag des Museums für Kunst und Gewerbe, 1894; Kunst und Handwerk in Japan. Berlin: R. Wagner, 1889. revised, Chaffers, William, and Litchfield, Frederick, and Hobson, R. L.. Marks and Monograms on European and Oriental Pottery and Porcelain: with Historical Notices of Each Manufactory. 13th ed. London: Reeves and Turner, 1912.
Sources: 
Der Jugendstil in Hamburg: Zum Gedächtnis an Justus Brinckmann, geb. 23 Mai 1843, gest. 9. Febr. 1945, und Otto Eckmann, geb. 19. Nov. 1865, gest. 11. Juni 1902. Hamburg: Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, 1965; Spielmann, Heinz. Jugendstil: Justus Brinckmann und die Jugendstil-Sammlung des Museums für Kunst und Gewerbe in Hamburg. Dortmund: Harenberg, 1983; Kultermann, Udo. The History of Art History. New York: Abaris, 1993, pp. 138; [cited] Metzler Kunsthistoriker Lexikon: zweihundert Porträts deutschsprachiger Autoren aus vier Jahrhunderten. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1999, pp. 337-39; Wendland, Ulrike. Biographisches Handbuch deutschsprachiger Kunsthistoriker im Exil: Leben und Werk der unter dem Nationalsozialismus verfolgten und vertriebenen Wissenschaftler. Munich: Saur, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 581; Spielmann, Heinz. Justus Brinckmann. Hamburg: Ellert & Richter, 2002; Kay, Carolyn Helen. Art and the German Bourgeoisie: Alfred Lichtwark and Modern Painting in Hamburg, 1886-1914. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002, pp. 13-