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  • Merchant; art critic, poet; professor at the Amsterdam Rijksacademie, 1876-1889; central figure in the emancipation process of the Roman Catholics of the Netherlands.
  • Director of the Koninklijk Museum (later Rijksmuseum), Amsterdam. He advised the Baltimore collector Robert Gilmor, Jr. on purchases.
  • Print collector, medical doctor; surgeon.
  • Director of the Amsterdam Rijksprentenkabinet; connoisseur of drawings and prints. Boon studied art history at Amsterdam University, with professor Ferrand W.
  • Director of the Mauritshuis museum, 1889-1909, connoisseur and art collector. Bredius was raised in a wealthy family.
  • The van Gogh scholar Jacob-Baart de la Faille studied under Bremmer. Independent art educator and adviser; van Gogh and Dutch artists scholar.
  • Professor of aesthetics and art history (1923-1946) at Nijmegen University. Brom was named after his father, Gerard Bartholomeus Brom, a blacksmith of liturgical objects, who had died before Brom jr.
  • Modernist art historian; partner with Claes Oldenburg in artworks, 1977-2009.
  • Professor of Art History at the University of Amsterdam (1961-1985); lead art historian for the Rembrandt Research Project (RRP) catalogue raisonné, part of the Stichting Foundation Remb
  • Professor of Archaeology and Ancient History. Byvanck attended the Gymnasium at The Hague, in which city his father, W.G.C.
  • Director of the Dutch Institute for Art History in Florence; Professor of Art History and Iconology at Utrecht University. Emmens attended the Marnix Gymnasium in Rotterdam.
  • First author of a Van Gogh catalogue raisonné. De la Faille studied law at Utrecht University and participated in dramatic productions. He earned his doctor's degree in 1913.
  • Professor of the History of Pre-Classical Antiquity at the University of London, 1949-1954. Frankfort was the eldest son of a Jewish mercantile family.
  • Netherlandish art scholar and director Kaiser Friedrich Museum. Friedländer was the son of Leopold Friedländer (1832-ca.1880), a Berlin banker, and Helene Noether (Friedländer) (1843-after 1901).
  • Rembrandt scholar and authority on Netherlandish art, Director, Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie and professor of art history at Groning University.
  • Archaeologist and scholar of ancient art. Groenewegen's father, Hermanus Ysbrand Groenewegen (b.
  • Connoisseur; specialist in Dutch seventeenth-century painting and iconography; Director of the Netherlands Institute for Art History and the Mauritshuis in The Hague.
  • Rembrandt specialist; director Amsterdam Historical Museum. Haak was the son of Jurrian Haak and Henrietta van Eek. He attended the Amsterdam Montessori Lyceum between 1938 and 1944.
  • Art critic; museum director (1947-1963); professor of art history (1952-1968); Van Gogh expert.
  • Museum director; art collector. After having spent the first five years of his life in the Dutch East Indies, Hannema was raised in The Hague, where his parents had settled.
  • Professor of art history at the Institute of Fine Arts, NYU and Yale University. He moved permanently to the United States in 1959.
  • Director of the Municipal Museum The Hague, 1948-1950. Hefting attended the Gymnasium in Utrecht. Being in poor health, she left this school prematurely for a cure in Switzerland.
  • Art historian, art collector, expert and connoisseur; specialized in Dutch seventeenth-century painting.
  • Cataloger of major corpus of Renaissance and Baroque prints. Hollstein was a major dealer in prints and drawings in Berlin before World War II.
  • Art historian and professor in Iconography and Early Christian Art.
  • painter; student of Rembrandt; wrote an early account of painters in the Netherlands
  • Art writer, painter, draughtsman, engraver, book illustrator. At the age of nine, Houbraken became an assistant in the shop of the Dordrecht merchant in twine, Johannes de Haan.
  • Professor of art history and decorative arts museum curator. Hudig was born in Rotterdam where his father and his brother were members of the shipping firm Hudig and Veder.
  • Cultural historian (and champion) of the Middle Ages. Huizing's father, Dirk Huizinga, was a professor of physiology. His mother, Jacoba Tonkens, died when Huizinga was only two.
  • Writer of a dictionary of Dutch and Flemish artists; art and book dealer; publisher and poet. Immerzeel was the third son of Johannes Immerzeel, a merchant in food, and Elizabet Steenbus.

  • Professor of the History of Modern and Contemporary Art. Jaffé was born of Jewish parents in Frankfurt am Main. In 1933, he left Nazi Germany and immigrated to The Netherlands.
  • Director Centraal Museum Utrecht (1941-1951). De Jonge was born to a noble family. She was the daughter of Willem Adriaan de Jonge and Wilhelmina Naletta van Rappard.
  • One of the chief exponents of the iconographic interpretation of Dutch art emphasizing particularly that many seventeenth-century Dutch genre paintings were intended to have symbolic or emblematic mea
  • Philologist, author of an early art history and exponent of the visual arts. Junius was born into an illustrious Calvinist family.
  • Co-editor of the encyclopedia, Winkler Prins van de Kunst. Juynboll belonged to a family of eminent scholars and university professors, particularly in the field of oriental studies.
  • Director of the Rijksbureau voor de Monumentenzorg. Kalf attended the Gymnasium in Amsterdam. Already in his high school period he wrote critical articles on art.
  • First director of the Amsterdam Rijksprentenkabinet; connoisseur of prints.
  • Self educated art historian specializing in Dutch art of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century.
  • Museum curator; art critic. Knuttel was the son of Willem Knuttel (1854-1921), who was a librarian at the Royal Library in The Hague. His mother, Elize Fabius, was a writer.
  • Writer of a dictionary of Dutch and Flemish artists, architects and painters. Kramm was the son of a cloth-merchant. At age 13, he was apprenticed to the silversmith, N. van Voorst, in Utrecht.
  • Professor of History of Architecture at Delft University of Technology; active at the Netherlands Department for the Conservation of Historic Buildings and Sites.
  • Director of the Rijksmuseum.
  • Historian of the art of the [former] Dutch East Indies region. Jeanne Haaxman received her earliest art education from her father, Pieter Anne Haaxman, who was a journalist and art critic.
  • Modernist scholar. Terpstra's parents, both historians, convinced their daughter to study law. After graduation, however, in 1932 she began studying art history at Utrecht University.
  • Art collector, cataloger and connoisseur of Netherlandish drawings and prints.
  • Hals and Dutch Baroque painting scholar.
  • Dutch dilettante and classicist, co-editor of Algemeene kunst geschiedenis under Frithjof van Thienen (q.v.); contributor to the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum for this collection at the Hague.
  • Director of the Department of Sculpture and Applied Arts, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (to 1963); professor of the history of applied arts at Leiden University (1964-1981).
  • Art historian and museum curator. Remmet van Luttervelt studied art history at Leiden University between 1936 and 1941.
  • Writer on nineteenth-century Dutch painting; painter and art critic. As a young girl, Marius learned painting and drawing with Jan Striening (1827-1903) in Deventer.