• First Watson Gordon chair of fine art at Edinburgh University (first chair of fine arts in the British Isles) 1880-1930; early monuments preservationist.
  • Director of the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh, 1961 -71. Although born in New Zealand, his parents soon returned to Scotland where he was educated at Edinburgh Academy and Edinburgh University.
  • Historian of Spanish art and embelmata book collector; first art historian to use photo-reproduction in an art history book.