Janitschek, Hubert

Full Name: 
Janitschek, Hubert
Year Born: 
1846
Year Died: 
1893
Place Born: 
Troppau, Silesia
Place Died: 
Leipzig, Germany
Home Country: 
Germany
Austria
Overview: 
Alberti and Romaneque art scholar; Gratz education; taught at Leipzig. In 1882 he married the writer Maria Tölk (1859-1927) [pseudonym Marius Stein]. His students included Georg Dehio (q.v.), Aby Warburg (q.v.) and Paul Clemen (q.v.). Colleague of Anton Springer (q.v.). At Strassburg, Janitschek's students included Wilhelm Vöge (q.v.). In 1890, Janitschek was the first to use the terms "Ottonian art" and "Ottonian painting" for art (i.e., independent of the architectural mode) first identified by Johann Fiorillo (q.v.), Franz Kugler (q.v.) and Gustav Waagen (q.v.). His terminology left unclear a terminus of either the beginning or end of 11th century, which his colleague Springer insisted ended mid-century.
Selected Bibliography: 
Leone Battista Albertis kleinere kunsttheoretische Schriften. Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1877; Die Gesellschaft der Renaissance in Italien und die Kunst. Stuttgart: W. Spemann, 1879; Die Geschichte der deutschen Malerei. Vol. III of Geschichte der deutschen Kunst. 5 vols. Berlin: Grote, 1887-1890; Die Kunstlehre Dantes and Giottos Kunst. Leipzig: Brockhaus, 1892; "Zwei Studien zur Geschichte der karolingischen Malerei." In Strassburger Festgruss an Anton Springer zum 4. Mai 1885. Stuttgart: Spemann, 1885: 1-30.
Sources: 
Kleinbauer, W. Eugene. Research Guide to the History of Western Art. Sources of Information in the Humanities, no. 2. Chicago: American Library Association, 1982, p. 32, 147 mentioned; Dvorák, Max. Idealism and Naturalism in Gothic Art. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1967, pp. 205-6; Kleinbauer, W. Eugene. Modern Perspectives in Western Art History: An Anthology of 20th-Century Writings on the Visual Arts. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971, p. 91; Metzler Kunsthistoriker Lexikon: zweihundert Porträts deutschsprachiger Autoren aus vier Jahrhunderten. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1999, pp. 190-2